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Diet, ADHD, and Behavior: A Quarter Century Review
In 1999 The Center for Science in the Public Interest published this detailed report on the role played by diet in the behavior of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This objectively written paper summarizes the results of research studies that have shown dietary effects and those that have shown no effects. A detailed discussion explores the impact of these studies on management programs for children with ADHD. Guidelines for choosing medication or dietary alternatives are presented. The website also includes a second paper, “Parents Guide to Diet, ADHD and Behavior”, which summarizes the information for parents and presents specific alternatives for exploring the impact of dietary changes.

Reassessing the Need for Dietary Supplements for America’s Children
This well-researched article addresses the criteria used for dietary recommendations for infants and children and the extent to which children’s diets meet these recommendations. It also examines factors that influence children’s dietary intakes. For a wide variety of reasons most children are not receiving the nutrients that they need in their typical diets. In addition recommended levels of nutrients are based on the ideal healthy child. Scientific studies have confirmed that the body needs increased nutritional support during periods of stress, when there are identified health problems, and when children are on special diets or receiving medications. The authors discuss what parents can do to improve their children’s diets and suggest that until major improvements in the diet are achieved, a daily multivitamin/mineral supplement is advisable for most children.

Position: Functional Foods
In 1995 the American Dietetic Association presented this position paper on phytochemicals and functional foods, a position that was then reaffirmed in 1997. Phytochemicals are food components that are derived from plant foods. Functional foods are defined as any modified food or food ingredient that may provide a health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains. “It is the position of The American Dietetic Association (ADA) that specific substances in foods (e.g., phytochemicals as naturally occurring components and functional food components) may have a beneficial role in health as part of a varied diet.” This paper describes their research rationale and differences between consuming these nutrients as part of the diet or in supplement form. The role and responsibility of dietitians in this new area is suggested.

In Harms Way: Toxic Threats to Child Development
This extensive report by the Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility describes and delineates the interaction between environmental chemicals and child development. They discuss the existingresearch and the role that environmental chemicals may play in developmental disabilities (including ADHD, autism, neurodevelopmental disease). Normal brain development and developmental toxicology are discussed in detail along with known and suspected developmental neurotoxicants. This is a paper that should be downloaded and read by parents and therapists who are concerned about the role played by the environment in the well being of children.

An Experimental Intervention for Autism Understanding and Implementing a Gluten & Casein Free Diet
Children with autism spectrum disorders may show an elevated level of opoid peptides that contribute to the behaviors associated with this disorder. It is speculated that these substances come from an incomplete digestive breakdown of certain foods, resulting in a high level of these peptides in the blood and urine. Casein in milk and gluten in wheat and other grains are two of the food components that can create this neuroendocrine problem. This paper discusses research and clinical perspectives that support dietary modification in children with autism.

Minerals/Vitamins and Down Syndrome
This article is a collection of bibliographic references on studies of vitamin and mineral status and needs in children with Down Syndrome. The author includes summary comments on each published study.

Growth Charts in Down Syndrome
Growth charts are a major tool for measuring the adequacy of children’s growth. A child’s height and weight are compared with these growth measures for a standardized group of children of the same age and sex. Growth charts for typically developing children are not appropriate to use in determining growthadequacy for infants and children with Down syndrome. Special growth charts developed for this group are presented on this website. Separate charts for boys and girls allow comparisons to be made in Metric and English scales.

Search the USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference
Here's a marvelous resource if you need detailed nutrient information on a specific food. Enter the name of the food in the USDA database. Select the specific brand or preparation of the food, and the amount. The resulting chart will give you calories, grams of carbohydrates, fats, and protein. Amounts of specific vitamins, minerals, lipids, and amino acids are also provided.

Nutrition Analysis Tool
The Nutrition Analysis Tool can be used to analyze the nutritional value of foods eaten at a single meal or for a full day. This is an extremely helpful tool for arents and therapists who are making day-to-day decisions about a child's food intake. The Food Suggestor feature supplies a list of foods containing nutrients that are too low or too high in the diet.

Phytochemicals: Nutrients of the Future Phytochemicals, or natural plant chemicals, play a major role in protecting the cells of the body and stimulating the immune system. This commercial site summarizes the different categories of phytochemicals and the role they play in health.

Dyslexia, Dyspraxia and ADHD–Can Nutrition Help?
This downloadable article by Alexandra J. Richardson is the best online resource we’ve found that examines the role played by essential fatty acids in dyslexia, dyspraxia and ADHD. Richardson discusses the dietary importance of DHA and AA, two fatty acids that are usually converted from essential fatty acids in the diet. These play a major structural role in the development of the brain and eye. Many individuals have deficiencies of these fatty acids because their body is inefficient in its ability to make this dietary conversion. The remainder of the article discusses the evidence for fatty acid deficiency in dyspraxia, dyslexia and ADHD and frequent questions related to diagnosis of deficiencies and the use of supplements.

Food Allergy and Anaphalaxis Network
The Food Allergy Network answers common questions about food allergy, supports a newsletter, and provides a listing of product alerts. The Product Alert section provides life-saving information on common allergens not listed on food product labels.

Dysphagia Diet 5 Levels Difficulty In Swallowing Diet
Individuals with dysphagia require dietary changes that support their nutrition and ability to swallow while reducing the risk of aspiration. This website presents a 5-Level diet rated by difficulty in swallowing. Examples of foods and a sample menu are presented at each of the following levels: Level 1 = Pureed Foods; Level 2 = Minced Foods; Level 3 = Ground Foods; Level 4 = Chopped Foods; and Level 5 = Modified Regular Foods. Practical strategies for altering the degree of thickness for liquids and foods are also presented.

Latex Allergy Links - Main Menu
Latex allergies are a growing concern for health care professionals and children who have received extensive medical and therapy services. This is a comprehensive, up-to-date listing of latex allergy-related sites on the Internet.

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